Great Britain was an isle located off the coast of France and northwestern Europe. Occupied by the Roman Empire for many centuries, in modernity the isle came to be the location of the British Empire, and eventually the United Kingdom, itself composed of the countries of England, Scotland, Wales, and parts of Ireland.
Great Britain was a temperate island, and as such possessed a cold climate. Most of the region was either rolling hills of grasses, which often became farmland, or pine forests. Some of the largest cities that were located there were London, Glasgow, and Cardiff.
Long inhabited by various European tribes and hill-folk of Celtic and Norse ancestry, the isle was explored and conquered by the Roman Empire in the first several centuries of the Common Era, when it was known by the Latin name Britannia. With the decline of the Roman Empire, the rise of the Anglo-Saxons, and the spread of Christianity, the isle eventually became host to various kingdoms in the first millennium CE. The British Empire, named after the isle, The union of the kingdoms of England, Scotland, and parts of Ireland gave way to the founding of the sovereign state of the United Kingdom.